All 8 Different Types of Leopards Around the World with Photos

Behavioral features include eating habits, mating rituals, social interactions, and so on. Physical and behavioral characteristics are important in understanding the world around us. Behavioral characteristics describe how an organism interacts with its environment and with other organisms, whereas physical characteristics describe more fundamental characteristics such as size and shape. By providing your mobile number, you agree to receive autodialed, recurring text messages from the HSUS with updates and ways you can help animals. Leopards have been depicted in mythology, folklore, and artwork throughout history and are famous. They are also renowned in fashion, and many women love wearing leopard print.

  1. The lax existing provisions facilitate the outsized role the United States plays in driving trophy hunting of the species.
  2. Jaguars also breed with leopards, and their offspring are called jagupards or leguars.
  3. They can get water from their prey’s bodily fluids or from the moisture on succulents, sour grass, watermelons, and gemsbok cucumbers.
  4. The climate in which these animals live also influences the color of their fur.
  5. However, they use their tail as an additional limb, serving many purposes.

Between 2014 and 2018, U.S. hunters imported trophies of 1,640 leopards, more than half of those globally traded. The U.S. is the world’s biggest importer of African leopard hunting trophies. Slightly smaller in size than the African leopard, it has strong legs, a long tail and large rosettes with its fur color ranging from pale and cream to grey and dark gold depending on the local habitat. As with the rest of the species, they are sexually dimorphic with males being much larger and heavier than females in general.

These big cats are known to be vicious predators, and their keen vision is one of the main reasons for their success. Leopards can see far away and have binocular vision, which allows them to judge distances accurately. They prey on a variety of animals, and their choice of prey typically depends on what is present in their natural environment. You’ll also notice two long whiskers at the top of their eyes, which serve the same purpose. Leopards use their long whiskers to find prey hiding in bushes or under trees when hunting.


When a leopard spots its prey, it will approach slowly with its legs bent, and its head down, so it can’t be seen. The leopard will stalk its prey, and when its dinner is 16 to 66 feet away, it will pounce and bite larger prey in the throat or neck. If the leopard is stalking small prey like a mouse or bird, it will hit the prey with a fatal blow. As such, males average around 124 lb while females weigh roughly half this with particularly large specimens reported to even reach up to a colossal 220 lb at times.

Imperiled leopards one step closer to increased Endangered Species Act protection

If you’re driving to an area you don’t know; you’ll need a GPS to help you find your way. Leopards don’t need any help with directions because they have an internal navigation system. Their ability to navigate so well is why tracking them in the wild can be so hard.

Wildlife Informer

All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Leopards are strong swimmers and very much at home in the water, where they sometimes eat fish or crabs. They also use their whiskers to navigate through dense vegetation at night or during rainstorms when visibility is poor. These special hairs contain nerve cells that detect even minor movements in the air around them, allowing them to detect the presence of something nearby.

Leopards in China and Siberia tend to mate mainly in January and February. In addition to their long-distance eyesight, leopards also have night vision that allows them to see in low-light conditions like those found on the savannahs where they live. Leopards have very long whiskers, or vibrissae, compared to other animals with this feature. Due to their powerful legs, these creatures can jump a considerable distance, typically 6 meters high. Leopards have soft and thick fur on their bodies, which protects them and keeps them warm.

Only during the mating season are these animals seen with other members of the same species. Male leopards have a larger range than females, which is marked by urine and claw marks. The mother hides her cubs and moves them from one safe location to the next until they are old enough to begin playing and learning to hunt. Cubs live with their mothers for about two years—otherwise, leopards are solitary animals. Now sadly considered to be critically endangered by the IUCN, the Javan leopard is endemic to the enormous Indonesian island of the same name. Once found throughout all of Java’s tropical forests, mangroves and mountains, now only small, fragmented populations of some 180 – 570 individuals remain in protected areas and national parks.

Attacks on people

Like most animals in the wild, leopards love to eat, and they aren’t the pickiest eaters in the animal kingdom. Leopards eat anything they can find, such as antelope, deer, fish, rodents, and bugs. The heightened protections sought in the petition would ensure closer scrutiny of African leopard trophy imports, making it more difficult to import them into the country. These big cats prefer to eat large animals such as zebras, baboons, and antelopes, but will eat small animals such as rabbits, birds, lizards, and even beetles if they’re hungry enough. Leopards have razor-sharp teeth and powerful jaws that can easily rip through their prey’s skin and break bones. They also have white spots on their ears and tails, allowing them to locate and communicate with other leopards without using their vision.

Leopards don’t mate at a specific time of the year and can give birth anytime. Mother leopards are very attentive toward their young and don’t let them travel far. The mother will have two or three cubs and stays with them until they’re two years old, but this isn’t because they hit the terrible two’s. Two years old is the age when the cubs are old enough to hunt and fend for themselves. Most leopards are light colored with distinctive dark spots that are called rosettes, because they resemble the shape of a rose.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature classifies the leopard as “vulnerable,” meaning it is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild. According to IUCN, by 2015 the sub-Saharan African leopard population had likely declined by more than 30% istep leopards over the prior 22 years, and that population is continuing to decline. Leopards are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, human persecution, illegal wildlife trade, ceremonial use of skins, prey base declines and poorly managed trophy hunting.

Some are black, while others have a tan or yellowish coat with black spots, which helps them blend in with their surroundings. Leopards can live in a variety of habitats, including rainforests, grasslands, and forests. Here are some of the characteristics that help them survive and thrive as an apex predator in their environments. Although estimates put their population at only around 800 or so, leopards still inhabit almost every part of the island, ranging from grasslands and forests to tea estates, hills and nature reserves. Weighing in at almost double the average weight of its nearby neighbor is the Persian leopard of the Iranian plateau. You could never outrun a leopard in the wild because they can run 36 miles per hour.